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SELF-PERCEIVED REAL AND IDEAL BODY SHAPES AND THEIR ASSOCIATION WITH ATTITUDES TOWARD OBESE CHILDREN AMONG PREADOLESCENT SWIMMERS
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Author : Funda Coşkun Özyol    
Type :
Printing Year : 2020
Number : 11
Page : 303-314
    


Summary

The purpose of this study was to examine preadolescent swimmers’ self-perceived real and ideal body shapes, as well as their attitudes toward obese peers. The study sample consisted of 160 female (x¯age= 11.46±.59, range: 11-12 years) and 146 male (x¯age= 11.53±.50, range: 11-12 years) competitive swimmers who participated in the Swimming Improvement Project Final Races for children aged 11-12. Data were collected using the “Collins Child Body Figure Drawing” and “Attitudes toward Obese Children Scale (AOCS)”. There were no significant differences between female and male preadolescent competitive swimmers with respect to self-perceived ideal body shape [U= 10675.5, p> .05], their BMI [U= 10757.50, p> .05] and attitudes toward obese peers [U= 11408.0, p> .05]. However, female swimmers’ self-perceived real body shape was significantly heavier than that of male swimmers [U= 8848.0, p<.05]. In addition, the participants showed moderately positive attitudes toward obese peers: 29% of the females rated their real body shape as significantly larger than their ideal figure, while male swimmers did not exhibit a significant difference between their self-perceived real and ideal body shapes. Results also showed a statistically significant strong positive correlation between female swimmers’ real body shape and BMI (rs= .50, n=160, p= .001) and a medium positive correlation between male swimmers’ real body shape and BMI (rs= .49, n=146, p= .001). Male swimmers’ BMI was negatively correlated with their AOCS scores (rs= -.17, n=146, p= .04). Turkish preadolescent swimmers’ attitudes toward obese peers were moderately positive and did not correlate with the participants’ body shape perception, except in the case of male swimmers’ BMI.



Keywords

Pre-adolescent swimmer, body shape, body image, obesity, fat phobia, weight bias



Abstract

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Keywords

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