This qualitative study aims to reveal the requirements of today’s piano education. The study employed a document analysis design to collect the study data and aims to address the following problem statement: “What should today’s piano education be like?” Accordingly, the national and international literature on piano education was reviewed and a general content for the study was determined. Collected study data were then compared using a critical approach and questioned and presented clearly. These data were described using quotations from the documents examined. The study results show that, due to its functions in music education in general, piano education is one of the most important dimensions of both general, amateur, and vocational music education, and that the musical communication between music teachers and students using the piano significantly affects the formation of desired behaviors or behavioral changes in individual learners. In addition, it was found that those individuals receiving piano education also received and developed their ear training due to the piano being a polyphonic instrument. The study showed that various problems are encountered during piano education and that because each individual is different there is no single method or technique suitable to every student. Finally, it was determined that piano education should not be teacher-centered.
Education, piano, piano education.